Engineering Exams

December 25, 2018


IIT-JEE Advanced is the second stage examination of JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) through which one can get into various IITs along with some CFTIs – Central Government funded technical institutions like IISc Bangalore and IISERs of the country. Only the candidates who clear JEE Main and secure rank under 2,20,000 are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.

Through JEE Advanced, IITs offer admissions to various undergraduate courses including Bachelor’s, Integrated Masters or Bachelor‐Master Dual Degree in Engineering, Sciences, Architecture, and Pharmaceutics. There are various courses offered at IITs, some courses such as B.Tech in Computer Science, Mechanical, Electrical are offered in all the institutes while other courses such as B.Tech in Biotechnology, Environment, BS Economics are restricted to few IITs. There are some new courses in Design and Aeronautics being introduced or supplemented in newer IITs such as IIT Gandhinagar and IIT Hyderabad. Also, the admission to various courses is based on the cutoff and number of seats available in an IIT which is different in different IITs. Around 10,572 undergraduate seats are filled every year through JEE Advanced.

      Candidates must visit the website of various CFTIs for applications date and eligibility criteria.
      National University of Singapore (NUS) accepts JEE Main/ Advanced score for bachelor’s programs intake.


JEE Advanced is one of the toughest exams on the planet. In order to crack JEE Advanced, the student is required to have a clear understanding of the syllabus and a strategy to go through that syllabus in 2 years. The JEE Advanced exam paper questions are based on XI-XII grade Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry syllabus. These simple concepts are mixed in one single question to make a multi-chapter/concept based questions, thus making them a bit difficult to solve in given time frame for students. These questions are solvable if a student is exposed to similar questions which require some algebraic/mathematical manipulation and practices a lot of questions over the span of two years.

Prepare for IIT-JEE 2018

Even if you start in April you need to cover 1 chapter per week for the JEE.


The syllabus of JEE Advanced is pretty vast and lengthy. It includes all the chapters covered in XI and XII class Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics NCERT textbooks. Also, IIT-JEE syllabus keeps on changing slightly every year with some addition or subtraction of topics. So aspirants must keep an eye on the previous years and present year syllabus for better planning and good preparation. You can find detailed IIT-JEE Advanced syllabus here.


The examination pattern of JEE Advanced more or less remains the same, with slight formatting in the way the questions are asked. For instance, an extra column was introduced in Matrix Match type question in JEE Advanced 2017 Paper. The pattern of questions which have been asked in the last 5 years includes MCQs with more than one correct answer or only one correct answer, Matrix Match, Single Integer Answer questions with no options.

The JEE Advanced exam consists of 2 papers conducted on a single day. Both the papers are available in two languages viz., Hindi and English. Both the papers include 3 sections with equal weightage:

The marks distribution of JEE Advanced 2017 subject-wise is given below:

S.No Subject Total Marks
1 Paper 1 & 2 366 (183 in each paper)
2 Total marks in Physics 122 (61 each in Paper-1 and Paper-2)
3 Total marks in Chemistry 122 (61 each in Paper-1 and Paper-2)
4 Total marks in Mathematics 122 (61 each in Paper-1 and Paper-2)


There are plenty of books and practice material available for JEE. Though there is no end to what all books you can use during your preparation, NCERT for all three subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and H.C. Verma for Physics are a must. The notes given at coaching are very useful as the syllabus is vast and these notes make it easy to understand. J.D. Lee for Inorganic Chemistry, Solomon for Organic Chemistry, S.L. Loney for Trigonometry etc. are some of the most preferred reference books for JEE. Also, ensure that you have a priority list in which you should solve these books. For instance, it is must that you solve all the problems given in H.C. Verma before you start solving Irodov. You need to make sure that you are dedicating sufficient time to all the subjects and not engaged in mastering one subject at the cost of other subjects. You can get a complete list of best books for IIT JEE here.


Prepare for the toughest engineering entrance exam in India with the best faculty. At Gauranga Academy, we have more than 200 teachers from the IITs, NITs and other top-notch institutes, teaching at various locations across India. Gauranga Academy prepares students from classes VIII to XII for various exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, Olympiads, NTSE, KVPY, CBSE and other state board exams across India.

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The most awaited results for IIT-JEE Advanced 2017 were released by IIT-Madras on June 11, 2017. Sarvesh Mehtani of Chandigarh topped the JEE Advanced 2017 with a score of 339 out of 366. Akshat Chug from Maharashtra secured the second position. The cutoff for the year 2017 witnessed a considerable rise compared to the cut-off of JEE Advanced 2016. A considerable rise was witnessed in IIT -JEE Advanced 2017 cut-off marks(128 marks) as compared to 2016’s cutoff marks(75 marks). The cutoffs marks are different for different categories, lowest for PWD. A candidate has to clear the sectional cut-offs (subject cut-offs) along with the aggregate cut-off after which he/she will be considered for admission into various IITs. Check the complete cut-off of JEE Advanced 2017.


IIT-JEE Advanced 2017 has witnessed an increase in the number of students qualified for IIT-JEE Advanced as compared to 2016. While 2,20,000 students were eligible to take the JEE Advanced exam, only 1,72,024 students took the exam, out of which 50,045 students qualified IIT-JEE Advanced and were allotted ranks. Though only 10,545 students were allotted a seat at IITs, 421 seats remained vacant after the 5th round of counselling. To know more read the complete article on IIT-JEE Advanced Result Analysis 2017.


Q- How to crack IIT JEE 2018 without coaching?

Now, whether you need coaching or not, depends totally on you, your preparation etc. You can read the following article on “How to crack IIT-JEE” to get an insight. In this article, we are providing you with a number of tips which could be handy during your preparation.

Though it is not impossible to crack IIT-JEE or for that matter any exam on the planet without a coaching class and many people do it, it is recommended to join a coaching class. I say this because, firstly, your knowledge about certain topics is limited and to work on it, you do need an external support which the coaching class provides. Also, you could trust the coaching class with your doubts, which can be immediately addressed. Also, when you have people studying around you, it helps. You tend to acquire skills from different people, which might help you to excel in the exam. But, having said that, if you are confident enough that you can crack the exam on your own, you can surely go ahead with it, but do join a decently good test series, to constantly test your level of preparation.

Q- How IIT JEE works?

Joint Entrance Examination Main(JEE Main) is the joint national examination that is conducted every year by Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE). Every year, more than 10 lakh candidates appear for this examination and get admission to various NITs, IIITs and other private colleges. It is important to note that JEE Main is the qualifying exam for JEE Advanced. Only those candidates are eligible to register for IIT-JEE advanced who have qualified the JEE Main examination and are among the top 2,20,000 candidates of JEE Main. JEE Main can be given either offline or online. From 2013 to 2016, the marks obtained in the class XII school board examination were given a 40% weightage in deciding the JEE Main All India Ranks(AIRs). But in 2017, the 12th percentage was not accounted to calculate the JEE Main rank. Earlier, counselling for JEE Main was conducted through Central Seat Allocation Board(CSAB) but now officials have made changes in the counselling procedure. The JAB (Joint Admission Board), representing IITs and CSAB (Central Seat Allocation Board) are organizing a common counselling for the two exams of JEE. The joint counselling committee for these exams is known as the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA). The admissions to various NITs and IIITs are done through JoSAA counselling.

IIT-JEE Advanced is the second stage examination of JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) through which one can get into various IITs along with some CFTIs – Central Government funded technical institutions like IISc Bangalore and IISERs of the country. Only the candidates who clear JEE Main and secure rank under 2,20,000 are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.

Through JEE Advanced, IITs offer admissions to various undergraduate courses including Bachelor’s, Integrated Masters or Bachelor‐Master Dual Degree in Engineering, Sciences, Architecture, and Pharmaceutics. There are various courses offered at IITs, some courses such as B.Tech in Computer Science, Mechanical, Electrical are offered in all the institutes while other courses such as B.Tech in Biotechnology, Environment, BS Economics are restricted to few IITs. There are some new courses in Design and Aeronautics being introduced or supplemented in newer IITs such as IIT Gandhinagar and IIT Hyderabad. Also, the admission to various courses is based on the cutoff and number of seats available in an IIT which is different in different IITs. Around 10,572 undergraduate seats are filled every year through JEE Advanced.

Q- How to crack IIT JEE Advanced 2018? / How to clear IIT JEE 2018?

To answer this question you can browse through the following points:

  1. Have a plan and stick to it
  2. Do not waste time
  3. Develop a genuine liking for the subjects
  4. Self-study
  5. Don’t miss important topics
  6. Get conceptual clarity
  7. Focus on problem solving speed
  8. Practice mocks
  9. Seek expert guidance
  10. Be calm Be fresh Be active
Q- How tough is IIT JEE?
Though IIT-JEE is touted to be one of the toughest exams, every year nearly 20000 hardworking individuals excel at it and make it to the top institutes around the country. It is a competitive exam, thus it is difficult for you it would be difficult for everyone. The only impact will be on the cut-offs which would slide down, for a difficult paper or shoot up for an easier paper. To simple put it, IIT-JEE is difficult but again it DEPENDS!

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JEE Advanced syllabus includes all the chapters covered in XI and XII class of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from NCERT textbooks. JEE Advanced syllabus keeps on changing every year. So aspirants must keep an eye on the previous years IIT JEE Advanced syllabus 2016 and present year JEE Advanced syllabus 2017 for better planning and good preparation.


1.1. Physical chemistry

General topics Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidation‐reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality.
Gaseous and liquid states Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation, Kinetic theory of gases, average,root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases.
Atomic structure and chemical bonding Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Wave‐particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p & d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
Energetics: First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure volume work; Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity
Chemical equilibrium Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of ΔG and ΔG0 in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.
Electrochemistry Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to ΔG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law; Concentration cells
Chemical kinetics Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).
Solutions Raoult’s law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point.
Surface chemistry Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties;
Solid state Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.
Nuclear chemistry Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of α, β and γ rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton‐neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

1.2. Inorganic chemistry

Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non‐metals Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur.
Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia; Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.
Transition elements (3d series) Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin‐only magnetic moment; Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis‐trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral). Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate.
Ores and minerals Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver
Extractive metallurgy Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium); Cyanide process (silver and gold).
Principles of qualitative analysis Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide

1.3. Organic chemistry

Basic concepts of organic chemsitry Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π‐bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono‐functional and bi‐functional compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and hyperconjugation; Keto enoltautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides.
Reactions of benzene Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel‐Crafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of o‐, m‐ and p‐directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes.
Phenols Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer‐Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.
Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above) Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions; Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis;
Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).
Carbohydrates Classification; mono‐ and di‐saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.
Amino acids and peptides General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.
Properties and uses of some important polymers Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC.
Practical organic chemistry Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of mono‐functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.

2. Mathematics

Algebra Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations. Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic regressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients. Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, quality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew‐symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables. Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.
Trigonometry Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub‐multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations.Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half‐angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).
Analytical geometry Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line; Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines; Centroid, orthocenter, in-Centre and circumcenter of a triangle. Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line.
Differential calculus Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one‐to‐one functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Limit and continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions.Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, Intermediate value property of continuous functions. Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, Exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function, Rolle’s theorem and Lagrange’s mean value theorem.
Integral calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves.Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.
Vectors Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar tripleproducts and their geometrical interpretations.

3. Physics

General Physics Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error & analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using umethod, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box
Mechanics Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum;

Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres;

Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus. Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).

Thermal physics Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.
Electricity and magnetism Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor.Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current‐carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current‐carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.

Optics Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism;Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.

Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double slit experiment.

Modern physics Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half‐life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen‐like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X‐rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

Overall difference in JEE main syllabus and JEE advanced syllabus

JEE main and JEE advanced are the two stages of JEE only yet there are some differences in their courses. Some topics which you find in JEE main are not included in JEE Advanced syllabus and vice versa. So candidates have to prepare some extra topics for JEE Advanced and JEE main. Below is the table of the topics which makes all the difference among JEE Advanced syllabus and JEE Main Syllabus.

Topics included in JEE Advanced syllabus and not in JEE Main

Physics 1. Thermal Physics: Newton’s law of cooling; Blackbody radiation; Absorptive and Emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s Displacement Law; Stefan’s Law.
Chemistry 1. Electrochemistry: Equivalent Conductivity2. Nuclear Chemistry: Radioactivity; Properties of alpha, beta and gamma rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.
Mathematics —-no difference—-

Topics included in JEE Main but NOT in JEE Advanced syllabus

Chemistry 1. Biomolecules: Vitamins – Classification and functions; Nucleic acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA2. Chemistry in Everyday life:-

  • Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines – their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.
  • Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action
Physics 1. Electronic Devices: Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diodes as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and Oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.2. Electromagnetic Waves: Electromagnetic waves; Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves; Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves; Electromagnetic spectrum; Applications of Electromagnetic waves

3. Communication Systems: Electromagnetic waves’ propagation; Amplitude and Frequency Modulation; Bandwidth of signals & transmission medium; Basic elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

Mathematics 1. Sets, Relations and Functions: Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; power set; relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations2. Statistics and Probability: Measures of Dispersion; calculation of mean, median. Mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

3. Trigonometry: Heights and Distances

4. Mathematical Reasoning: Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contra positive.

While preparing for JEE, an aspirant has millions of book to read. But experts from Avanti suggest best books for IIT JEE. The books are enlisted below and are being followed from a very long time with a history of making students successful in JEE advanced exam. Students are advised to follow these books for the preparation of JEE Advanced.

 IIT JEE Physics

  1. Concepts of Physics by H.C Verma (vol.1 and vol. 2) – refer this for concept building
  2. Physics Vol-1 and Vol-2 by Resnick Halliday – a great book for theory and non-trivial problems
  3. NCERT
  4. New pattern Physics Book by DC Pandey – a great book for problems
  5. Problems in general physics by I.E. Irodov- for more challenging problems.
  6. 37 years previous years question bank

 IIT JEE Chemistry

  1. NCERT
  2. Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee – the best book for physical chemistry for problems.
  3. Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd- indeed the best book for organic chemistry.
  4. Organic chemistry- by Solomons.
  5. Inorganic chemistry by J.D. Lee.
  6. 37 years previous year question bank.


  1. TMH (vol.1 and vol.2)
  2. Problems Plus In IIT Mathematics by A Das Gupta – It is recommended by many toppers
  3. 37 years previous years question bank
  4. Integral Calculus for IIT-JEE by Amit Agarwal – the best book for integral calculus for any competitive exam
  5. Co-ordinate Geometry for IIT-JEE by SL Loney- indeed a great book for Coordinate geometry. Its subjective problems are excellent
  6. NCERT

Best books for IIT JEE Topics Wise

Note: Please do refer to NCERT’s books along with the above-mentioned books for basic concept building.

Topic Writer / Publisher
Coordinate Geometry SL Loney & S.K Goyal
Integral Calculus Amit M Aggarwal
Differential Calculus Amit M Aggarwal
Algebra TMH vol 1 and vol. 2
Trigonometry Arihant publication
Vector and 3D Geometry Arihant publication
Topic Writer / Publisher
Physical R.C Mukherjee
Inorganic Inorganic chemistry by J.D. Lee
  • Organic chemistry by Solomons
  • Organic chemistry by  Morrison
Topic Writer / Publisher
  • Concepts of physics by H.C Verma
  • Mechanics part 1 and 2 by D.C Pandey
  • Physics Vol-1 and Vol-2 by Resnick Halliday
Electricity and Magnetism DC pandey
Optics and Modern Physics DC pandey
Thermodynamics DC pandey